1 classic record editor
beginning of winter
Li Dong, October Festival. Li, Jian Shi also; winter, the end, all things are also collected.
The water begins to ice. The water surface was initially set, but it was not strong.
The ground begins to freeze. Rustic condensate, not to be removed.
Break into the big water as a cockroach. Hey, pheasant; Zheng Kangcheng, "Huainanzi", high-injection is a big shackle. "Jade articles" is also awkward: Hey, Da Yu also. "Mozi" is also 曰: 蚌, a 蜃, 蚌 蛤 蛤? The "Notes on the Book of Rites" is a genus, and "Yu Ya" is interpreted by 蚌 and ,, which seems to be non-蛤. However, according to the "Materia Medica" car cheeks: car cheeks, is a big cockroach, a cockroach, can exhale as a building, and taste the seaside suffocating into a building. "Chapter Turtle" 曰: The big one is the wheel island, and the moon is free to make a fuss, and the dragon is also the same. Then I know this is 蛤, Ming 矣. The situation of "Erya Wing" leads Zhou's family, and the debate is very clear. "Notes on the Book of Rites" is said to be awkward. Because of the snakes, it is said that the scorpion is a scorpion. "Yu Ya" is like a snake and is big, and the belly is full of scales. It looks like a dragon, has ears, and has horns. It is also known and scented. It is not like "Materia Medica" or "Chapter Turtle", that is, an ear. Dashui, Huai, Jinyu 曰: 雉 淮 淮 淮 淮 淮.
2 history of the winter editor
Lidong is the 19th of the 24th solar terms of the lunar calendar. The basis for its determination is based on the fact that the sun reaches 225 degrees of the Yellow River.
Lidong is not only the time for the harvest festival and the Lunar New Year banquet, but also the season when the cold wind rises. There are customs activities such as “October 朔”, “Qin Shou Shou”, “Cold Clothes Festival” and “Feng Harvest Festival”. At this time, in the north, it is the month of Mengdong, where the water is frozen and the ground begins to freeze. In the south, it is the weather of Xiaoyangchun.
Li Dong is the big festival in October. During the Han and Wei Dynasties, this day, the emperor would like to kiss the ministers to meet the winter enthusiasm. He commended and pledged the martyrs and their families who died for the country, and asked the deceased to protect the souls and encourage the people to resist foreign enemies or evil. In the Chinese people, there are customs such as ancestor worship, banquet, and old age, and sacrifices to the ancestral spirits with seasonal decorations to fulfill the duties and responsibilities of the children and grandchildren, and pray for God to give the old years of the age, and the peasants themselves Get paid for drinking and rest.
Some of the customs of the winter have been changed, and they have been followed. Bu Xia Xia called "Qiao Miao". On this day, the peasant rate went to the head of the Shouren Palace in Longshou Mountain to ask for a apology for the coming year, and held a harvest dinner, and some villages performed a good celebration. "Lidong" kills chickens and slaughters sheep or supplements with other nutrients. The Yi people climbed the mountain and went to the temple to find the treasure.
In 1937, the people of the whole country rose to resist the Japanese. On the day when the cold wind started, Xiapu Chengguan vigorously carried out the activities of collecting cold clothes, singing the "Trilogy of Exile" and "Cold Clothes". The tragic and desolate songs touched the hearts of the people, and the people along the street were full of tears. , have donated money and donations. The feats in the Winter Clothes Festival have been more than 70 years old, and the passionate scenes of the Xiapu people are still vivid.
3 solar phenology editing
beginning of winter
beginning of winter
In ancient China, the winter festival was divided into three 5 days, and three times were determined: “the first water starts to ice; the second floor begins to freeze; the third time enters the big water as the raft.” This qi water can be formed. Ice; the land is also beginning to freeze; the three-year-old "into the big water is the cockroach" refers to the big bird like the pheasant, and it is a big bird. After the winter, the big birds like the pheasant are rare. On the beach, you can see the big lines of shells and pheasants with similar lines and colors. Therefore, the ancients thought that when they reached the winter, they became big.
For the understanding of "Lidong", we can't just stay in the meaning of the beginning of winter. Tracing back to the source, the ancients' understanding of "li" is the same as that of modern people. However, the word "winter" is not so simple. In the ancient book "The Seventy-two Hours of the Moon", the interpretation of "Winter" is: "Winter, and finally, everything is collected," meaning that all crops in the fall are harvested. After the sun is finished, the collection is stored in the library, and the animals have been hidden for hibernation. It seems that Li Dong not only represents the coming of winter, but completely, Li Dong means the beginning of winter, the collection of everything, and the evasion of cold. Zuoheshui "Lidong" poetry cloud: "The north wind reciprocates a few cold and cool, and the sparse wood shakes the half green and yellow. The floods are repaired in the wild, and the sun is used for winter storage."
4 folk customs editor
Lidong and Lichun, Lixia, and Liqiu are collectively known as the Four Festivals. It is an important festival in ancient society. In the past, it was a farming society. After working for a year, I had to take a break from the winter day and enjoy the hard work of the family. The proverb "Let the winter make up the winter, fill the mouth" is the best metaphor. On this day in ancient times, the emperor had a winter ceremony in the outskirts of the suburbs, and he had the system of giving the winter clothes and the widowhood. The later generations are generally the same. "Lu's Spring and Autumn. Winter": "It is also the month, to establish the winter. First set the winter for three days, the history of the Taishi 曰, 曰: 'A certain day of winter, Shengde is in the water. 'Tianzi is the fast. On the day of winter, the emperor pro The rate of the three public and nine Qing doctors to welcome the winter in the northern suburbs. Also, it is a reward for death, shirts and loneliness." Highly lure note: "The ancestors have a dead king to the side of the community, to reward their children; there are lonely, compassionate "Jin Cuibao" "Ancient and Modern Note": "The Emperor of the Han Dynasty gave the palace to the servant and the guise of the priest in the winter." It’s a warm hat.
He Dong is also known as "worshiping winter", which was the custom in the Han Dynasty. The Eastern Han Dynasty Cui Ding "Four People's Monthly Order": "When the winter solstice enters the wine, He Yijun is old, just like the day." On this day in the Song Dynasty, people changed their clothes and celebrated their exchanges, just like the New Year. In the Qing dynasty, the solstice was the winter solstice, and the literati’s family worshipped and respected each other, and they also made a difference. The men and women of the country must also be more fresh in their clothes, saying that they would worship the winter. "See Gu Lu's "Qing Jia Lu" Volume 11). Since the Republic of China, the traditional customs of He Dong seem to have a simplified trend. However, some activities are gradually fixed, stylized, and more universal. The teacher activities are held in the winter.
In some places, the way to celebrate the winter has also been innovated. In the winter days of Harbin in Heilongjiang, Shangqiu in Henan, Yichun in Jiangxi, and Wuhan in Hubei, winter swimmers have used winter swimming to welcome the winter. Winter swimming, whether in the north or south, is a favorite way to exercise in winter.
Li Dong has the custom of eating dumplings. When you are in the winter, you can make dumplings. The taste is different from that of Chinese cabbage. You have to eat vinegar and rotten garlic to make it taste good.
Why do you eat dumplings in Lidong? Because China is a country of agriculture, it attaches great importance to the 24 solar terms, and the "section" is the new growth point of vegetation. Autumn harvest winter, this day, to improve the life, I chose "good but dumplings." Therefore, in the Book of Rites, there is a saying that "the melons are also sacrificed first." In the winter solstice, China has a custom of the "Winter Solstice Festival".
5 climate features editing
In astronomy, "Lidong" is the beginning of winter. According to the climatology, China has to postpone it for about 20 days before entering the winter. In the winter season, the sun has reached 225 degrees of the Yellow River. The radiation in the northern hemisphere where we get the sun is getting less and less, but since the heat stored in the second half of the year still has a certain amount of energy, it is generally not too cold. But the temperature is gradually decreasing. In the sunny and windless days, there will always be windy and sunny, warm and comfortable October "Xiaoyangchun" weather.
According to statistics, an average of 2-3 tropical cyclones are generated in November each year. In particular, cyclones generated in the Pacific Northwest may also develop into typhoon intensity. In the past 55 years, 11 tropical cyclones landed on the coast of China in November, and the landing sites were mainly in Taiwan, Guangdong and Hainan. If the mid-latitude is prevailing in the latitudinal circulation, the tropical cyclone is more active. If the mid-latitude is prevailing in the meridional circulation, that is, the cold air is strong, it is not easy to have a typhoon.
South China autumn and summer season
In the northern part of South China during the winter, even if the wind blows, the temperature will rise rapidly. When there is no wind, there is often the saying that "October Xiaoyangchun, no wind and warmth". It is often only winter in December.
The southern part of South China, Taiwan, and the southern part of Hainan Island, have not yet entered the winter in November. However, the temperature in November is not very high, and the maximum temperature is generally below 30 °C. In addition, it does not rule out the strong cooling effect caused by the strong cold air, but it has rarely appeared in recent years.
Into the winter and autumn, easy to have frost
In November of normal years, the first frost will appear in the north from the Qinling Mountains, the western and southern parts of Huanghuai, and the south to the north of the Yangtze River. In the colder year, in mid-November, the first frost will appear in the north of Nanling.
In the north of November, as the front of the cold air moved out of the local, the cold air mass behind the front began to degenerate into the warm side. If there is no subsequent cold air replenishment, after a few days, the temperature will rise and the air quality will gradually deteriorate. . Especially in large cities, the accumulation of water vapor and pollutant particles in the atmosphere combine to form smog or dense fog, which affects people's health and traffic. In the southwest and south of China, the water vapor conditions are better than those in the north. If the temperature is low in the morning, there will always be a large fog.
Winter snow scene
Lidong Snow View (15)
Early snow in North China
After November, the amount of precipitation across the country has decreased significantly. The snow on the plateau snow mountains is no longer melting. In early springs and other places in North China, early snow is difficult to predict, and the impact is also large, often requiring special attention. At this time, the form of precipitation is diversified: there are rain, snow, sleet, ripples, ice particles, and the like. When there is strong cold air, Jiangnan will also snow.
The typical Huaxi rainy weather in the southwestern region ends, but it is basically less than the national rain. It is still a place with too much rain. According to the time distribution of precipitation in southwest China, it entered the dry season of the year in November. The characteristics of the dry season in the northwest and southwest are more obvious. In the Sichuan Basin, eastern Guizhou, and southwestern Yunnan, there is more than 50 mm of rainfall in November. In Yunnan, the weather is warm and the rain is cold. There are sayings that “the seasons are like spring, and the rain is rainy”. If there is a strong cold air intrusion, there will be a warm and humid air flow, and the process rainfall in the southern region will be larger. At this time, the rainy days and rainfall in the north and south of the Yangtze River are less and less than those in the south of the Yangtze River. For the three-year-old South China, the drought in November still has a negative impact on crop growth.
Temperature drop, change
With the strengthening of cold air, the trend of temperature decline is accelerating. People in the north are cooling down and people are used to it. Since the end of October, heating has been carried out, and people still have a place to avoid the cold. For the people in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in the late autumn "Xiaoyangchun", the average temperature is generally 12 °C to 15 °C. The rain has ended. If you encounter strong cold air and quickly go south, sometimes less than one day, the temperature can be close to 8-10 ° C, or even more. But after all, after the strong winds, the sun shone, the air mass quickly changed, and the temperature rose faster. The rise in temperature and the accumulation of heat have prompted the next round of cold air to bring a strong cooling. At this time, the pleasant deep autumn gas is coming to an end, and the obvious cooling makes the area enter the first frost period, and also enters the best viewing period of the red leaves, and it enters the winter at the end of November.
6 North and South Temperature Difference Editor
beginning of winter
beginning of winter
As the northwest, north China, northeast and other places that have already entered the winter, the wind and cooling at this time can be said to be taken for granted. In the middle and south of North China to Huanghuai and other places, the cold air during the winter is often not the wind blowing the red leaves of the mountainous area. It is also blowing the trees in the city into a polished pole, giving people a feeling of going into the winter all at once. . If you encounter cold air with strong power and fast speed, it will run all the way, so that the wind in the northern mountain pass area and the rivers and lakes in the south will increase, and the wind will blow to the southeast coast and the Taiwan Strait. Especially in the northern and eastern seas, the winds on the sea are likely to cause serious damage to offshore operations.
China has a vast territory, spanning dozens of latitudes in the north and south, and thus there is a temperature difference between the north and the south. However, after the winter, the temperature difference between the north and the south is even larger. In November, the average temperature of most of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Inner Mongolia and the northern part of Heilongjiang reached about -10 °C. The northernmost Mohe and the Haikou of Hainan Province, the temperature difference between the two can reach as much as 30 ° C -50 ° C. Many places in the north are dry and dry, all things are dying, and the cold is pressing; while South China is still green and green, birds and flowers are warm and pleasant.
7 Lidong Health Editor
After the winter, it means that winter is coming. The vegetation is dying, the locusts are dormant, and all activities tend to stop. Although humans do not have the idea of hibernation, the Chinese folks have the custom of wintering and wintering. In cold weather, you should eat more warm and tonic foods, which not only can make your body stronger, but also play a good role in protecting the cold.
Why do you eat dumplings in winter? Because the dumplings are derived from the saying "the time of the Jiaozi." The New Year's Eve is the turn of the old year and the New Year. The winter is the turn of the autumn and winter seasons. Therefore, the dumplings at the time of "handing over" cannot be eaten. People have gradually restored this ancient custom, and on the winter day, all kinds of dumplings are selling very hot. Of course, the winter solstice, such as in the Zaozhuang area of Shandong, also has the custom of drinking mutton soup.
Eat more staple foods, eat lamb, clams and sea cucumbers as appropriate:
Protein, fat and carbohydrates are called thermogenic nutrients. Therefore, in winter, we should increase the intake of staple foods and fats to ensure the supply of high-quality protein. Dog meat, lamb, beef, chicken, venison, shrimp, pigeons, clams, sea cucumbers and other foods are rich in protein and fat, produce more calories, and have the best effect on cold.
Temperatures plummet, and some parts of the body are particularly sensitive to cold, and special care should be taken to keep warm.
Kelp and seaweed can promote thyroxine secretion:
The thyroid secretion of the human body is called thyroxine, which can accelerate the oxidation of many tissue cells in the body, increase the body's ability to produce heat, increase the basal metabolic rate, accelerate blood circulation, and resist cold and cold, while foods containing iodine can promote Thyroxine secretion. Foods rich in iodine are: kelp, seaweed, hairy vegetables, sea bream, spinach, Chinese cabbage, corn, etc.
Animal liver and carrots can increase cold resistance:
The cold climate causes significant changes in human vitamin metabolism. Increased intake of vitamin A and vitamin C can enhance cold tolerance and adaptability to cold, and has a good protective effect on blood vessels. Vitamin A is mainly derived from animal liver, carrots, dark green vegetables, etc. Vitamin C is mainly derived from fresh fruits and vegetables.
Sesame and sunflower seeds provide the necessary elements for human cold resistance:
Cold weather has increased the demand for methionine in the body. Methionine can provide a series of methyl groups necessary for cold adaptation through transfer. Therefore, more foods containing more methionine should be taken in winter. Such as sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, dairy products, yeast, leafy vegetables, etc.
Starting from the beginning of winter. The cold climate affects the body's endocrine system to increase the body's ability to withstand cold, thus causing excessive heat loss in the body. Therefore, nutrition in the winter season should be based on increased heat. Eat lean meat, eggs, fish, milk, beans and foods rich in carbohydrates and fats.
In the aspect of diet and health in winter, Chinese medicine believes that it should eat less salty and eat more bitter food. The reason is that when the kidney is strong in winter, the kidney is salty and the heart is bitter. From the theory of the five elements of the motherland medicine, salty and bitter, kidney water grams heart fire. If the salty taste is eaten more, the kidney water that is already partial to the sputum will be more sputum, so that the strength of the heart-yang is weakened, so you should eat more bitter-flavored food to help the heart. This will protect against kidney water. As stated in "Four Times Tune": "Winter moon kidney water tastes salty, fears water and fire, so it is advisable to raise the heart."
Ancient Chinese medicine training:
Diet and nursed back to follow: "Autumn and winter nourishing Yin" "no disturbing yang" "virtual complement, cold and warm" ancient training, with the changes in the climate of the four times to regulate diet. In the Yuan Dynasty, Hui Sihui wrote "Drinking Meal": "Winter cold, it is better to eat cold to cure its cold." That is to say, eat less cold, but not too hot,