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China's Industrial Development Level

Jul 26, 2019

Zhu Sen, honorary director of the China Machinery Industry Federation expert committee, said in an interview with the Economic Daily on July 6 that China’s strategy of manufacturing and strengthening the country should not violate international practices and market principles on the fundamentals and should continue to advance. He stressed that the global manufacturing industry is developing in the direction of intelligence, green and information, and China's manufacturing industry must keep up with this pace. With the disappearance of the demographic dividend, China's manufacturing industry can no longer continue to take a labor-intensive road.

Faced with the wave of the fourth industrial revolution, global manufacturing is experiencing unprecedented shocks, adjustments and changes. Various industrialized countries have formulated national strategies in an effort to gain the initiative in the upcoming changes. The United States enacted the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership Program in 2011 to "ensure the United States' leadership in advanced manufacturing," followed by a slogan of re-industrialization and manufacturing returns. Germany proposed the "Germany 2020 High Technology Strategy", the United Kingdom formulated the "British Industry 2050 Strategy", Japan has successively proposed the Internet of Things and robot strategy, France drafted the "Future Industry" plan, South Korea has the "Future Growth Power Plan", etc. They are all to promote the domestic manufacturing industry to adapt to the future and win development.

From the perspective of the development level of the manufacturing industry, the United States is far ahead of the overall strength and belongs to the first phalanx; Germany and Japan are closely followed by the second phalanx; China, South Korea, France, and the United Kingdom are in the third tier. "To accurately grasp the current state of China's manufacturing industry." Zhu Sen stressed that the first is that the level of development of China's manufacturing industry is consistent with China's current stage. China is still in the middle and late stages of industrialization and is a developing country. Second, the level of productivity of Chinese manufacturing enterprises is uneven, and the overall level needs to be improved. Third, China's manufacturing industry as a whole is dominated by labor-intensive, low-value-added products. Fourth, the Chinese manufacturing enterprises are in the stage of industrial 2.0 moving towards Industry 3.0.

In general, although China's manufacturing industry ranks first in the world in terms of scale and total volume, China's manufacturing industry has a large gap with industrial developed countries in terms of efficiency, efficiency, quality, industrial structure, sustainable development, and resource consumption. China's manufacturing industry must shift from the development track of scale and speed to the development track of quality and efficiency, from high-speed development to high-quality development, in order to form a sustainable development capability in the fourth industrial revolution.

"For example, if we want to produce an output value of 10,000 yuan, we need to spend 7 times as much energy and energy as Japan." Zhu Sen said that the Chinese manufacturing industry is like a "big fat man", although it is very important. But muscles and bones are not strong, you must strengthen your body.

In the strategy of promoting the manufacturing of a strong country, China has identified ten major fields such as the new generation of information technology industry, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, and proposed to promote the first to achieve greater strength in these ten areas. In this regard, Zhu Sen explained that this is because the development of these ten areas is relatively good, and the most promising is to achieve the first breakthrough, and these ten areas are closely related to the people's lives, and also in line with the development of the global manufacturing industry.

China’s strategy of manufacturing and strengthening the country has always adhered to the principle of equality, mutual benefit and openness. Intelligent manufacturing is the main direction of Chinese manufacturing from the big to the strong. In the past two years, the intelligent business of many foreign companies has developed rapidly and it is benefiting from the Chinese market. Data show that in 2017, the total sales volume of China's industrial robot market reached 141,000 units, an increase of 58.1% over the previous year. Among them, the sales volume of foreign brand industrial robots was 103,200 units, a year-on-year increase of 71.9%. From 2014 to 2017, the proportion of domestic brand industrial robots in the domestic market was 29.2%, 31.7%, 32.7%, and 26.8%, respectively. This shows that there is no restriction on the choice of companies to buy brands in China.

China's manufacturing industry must solve problems such as higher production efficiency, better product quality, lower cost per piece, faster market response, and less environmental impact. It is necessary to eliminate interference and firmly move toward a manufacturing power.